Oracle Clusterware as a 3rd party HA framework
Oracle begin to push their Clusterware as a 3rd party HA framework. In this article we will review a quick example of how to do it. I will refer to this post as a quick-guide, as this is by no means any full-scale guide.
We will discuss the method of adding an additional NFS service on Linux.
In order to do so, you will need a shared storage – assuming the goal of the exercise is to supply the clients with a consistent storage services based on NFS. I, for myself, prefer to use OCFS2 as the choice file system for shared disks. This goes well with Oracle Clusterware, as this cluster framework does not handle disk mounts very well, and unless you are to write/search an agent which will make sure that every mount and umount behave correctly (you wouldn’t want to get a file system corruption, would you?), you will probably prefer to do the same. The lack of need to manage the disk mount actions will both save time on planned failover, and will guarantee storage safety. If you have not placed your CRS and Vote on OCFS2, you will need to install OCFS2 from here and here, and then to configure it. We will not discuss OCFS2 configuration in this post.
We will need to assume the following prerequisites:
- Service-related IP address: 188.8.131.52. Netmask 255.255.255.248. You need this IP to be member of the same class as your public network card is.
- Shared Storage: Formatted to OCFS2, and mounted on both nodes on /shared
- Oracle Clusterware installed and working
- Cluster nodes names are “node1″ and “node2″
- Have $CRS_HOME point to your CRS installation
- Have $CRS_HOME/bin in your $PATH
We need to create the service-related IP resource first. I would recommend to have an entry in /etc/hosts for this IP address on both nodes. Assuming the public NIC is eth0, The command would be
crs_profile -create nfs_ip -t application -a $CRS_HOME/bin/usrvip -o oi=eth0,ov=184.108.40.206,on=255.255.255.248
Now you will need to set running permissions for the oracle user. In my case, the user name is actually “oracle”:
crs_setperm nfs_ip -o root
crs_serperm nfs_ip -u user:oracle:r-x
Test that you can start the service as the oracle user:
Now we need to setup NFS. For this to work, we need to setup the NFS daemon first. Edit /etc/exports and add a line such as this:
Make sure that nfs service is disabled during startup:
chkconfig nfs off
chkconfig nfslock off
Now is the time to setup Oracle Clusterware for the task:
crs_profile -create share_nfs -t application -B /etc/init.d/nfs -d “Shared NFS” -r nfs_ip -a sharenfs.scr -p favored -h “node1 node2″ -o ci=30,ft=3,fi=12,ra=5
Deal with permissions:
crs_setperms share_nfs -o root
crs_setperms share_nfs -u user:oracle:r-x
Fix the “sharenfs.scr” script. First, find it. It should reside in $CRS_HOME/crs/scripts if everything is OK. If not, you will be able to find it in $CRS_HOME using find.
Edit the “sharenfs.scr” script and modify the following variables which are defined relatively in the beginning of the script:
Copy the modified script file to the other node. Verify this script has execution permissions on both nodes.
Start the service as the oracle user:
Test the service. The following command should return the export path:
showmount -e 220.127.116.11
Relocate the service and test again:
crs_relocate -f sharenfs
showmount -e 18.104.22.168
Done. You now have HA NFS service above Oracle Clusterware framework.
I used this web page as a reference. I thank him for his great work!