Posts Tagged ‘PowerPath’

Oracle RAC with EMC iSCSI Storage Panics

Tuesday, October 14th, 2008

I have had a system panicking when running the mentioned below configuration:

  • RedHat RHEL 4 Update 6 (4.6) 64bit (x86_64)
  • Dell PowerEdge servers
  • Oracle RAC 11g with Clusterware 11g
  • EMC iSCSI storage
  • EMC PowerPate
  • Vote and Registry LUNs are accessible as raw devices
  • Data files are accessible through ASM with libASM

During reboots or shutdowns, the system used to panic almost before the actual power cycle. Unfortunately, I do not have a screen capture of the panic…

Tracing the problem, it seems that iSCSI, PowerIscsi (EMC PowerPath for iSCSI) and networking services are being brought down before “killall” service stops the CRS.

The service file was never to be executed with a “stop” flag by the start-stop of services, as it never left a lock file (for example, in /var/lock/subsys), and thus, its existence in /etc/rc.d/rc6.d and /etc/rc.d/rc0.d is merely a fake.

I have solved it by changing /etc/init.d/ script a bit:

  • On “Start” action, touch a file called /var/lock/subsys/
  • On “Stop” action, remove a file called /var/lock/subsys/

Also, although I’m not sure about its necessity, I have changed script SYSV execution order in /etc/rc.d/rc0.d and /etc/rc.d/rc6.d from wherever it was (K96 in one case and K76 on another) to K01, so it would be executed with the “stop” parameter early during shutdown or reboot cycle.

It solved the problem, although future upgrades to Oracle ClusterWare will require being aware of this change.

Oracle ASM and EMC PowerPath

Wednesday, May 28th, 2008

Setting up an Oracle ASM disks is rather simple, and the procedure can be easily obtained from here, for example. This is nice and pretty, and works well for most environments.

EMC PowerPath creates meta devices which utilize the underlying paths, as mod_scsi sees them in Linux, without hiding them (unlike IBM’s RDAC, for example). This results in the ability to view and access each LUN either through the PowerPath meta device (/dev/emcpower*) or through the underlying SCSI disk device (/dev/sd*). You can obtain the existing paths of a single meta devices through running the command

powermt display dev=emcpowera

where ’emcpowera’ is an example. It can be any of your power meta devices. You will see the underlying SCSI devices.

During startup, Oracle ASM (startup script: /etc/init.d/oracleasm) scans all block devices for ASM headers. On a system with many LUNs, this can take a while (half an hour, and sometimes much more). Not only that, but since ASM scans the available block devices in a semi-random order, the chances are very high that the /dev/sd* will be used instead of the /dev/emcpower* block device. This results in degraded performance, where active-active configuration has been set for PowerPath (because it will not be used), and moreover – a failure of that specific link will result in failure to access the specific LUN through that path, with disregard to any other existing paths to the LUN.

To "set things right", you need to edit /etc/sysconfig/oracleasm, and exclude all ‘sd’ devices from ASM scan.

To verify that you’re actually using the right block device:

/etc/init.d/oracleasm listdisks

Select any one of the DG disks, and then

/etc/init.d/oracleasm querydisk DATA1
Disk ‚ÄúDATA1″ is a valid ASM disk on device [120, 6]

The numbers are the major and minor of the block device. You can easily find the device through this command:

ls -la /dev/ | grep MAJOR | grep MINOR

In our example, the MAJOR will be 120, and the MINOR will be 6. The result would look like a single block device.

If you’re using EMC PowerPath, your block device major would be 120 and around that number. If you’re (mistakenly) using one of the underlying paths, your major would be 8 and nearby numbers. If you’re using Linux LVM, your major would be around the number 253. The expected result, when using EMC PowerPath is always with major of 120 – always using the /dev/emcpower* devices.

This also decreases the boot time rather dramatically.