Posts Tagged ‘partition tables’

Reduce Oracle ASM disk size

Tuesday, January 21st, 2020

I have had a system with Oracle ASM diskgroup from which I needed some space. The idea was to release some disk space, reduce the size of existing partitions, add a new partition and use it – all online(!)

This is a grocery list of tasks to do, with some explanation integrated into it.

Overview

  • Reduce ASM diskgroup size
  • Drop a disk from ASM diskgroup
  • Repartition disk
  • Delete and recreate ASM label on disk
  • Add disk to ASM diskgroup

Assuming the diskgroup is constructed of five disks, called SSDDATA01 to SSDDATA05. All my examples will be based on that. The current size is 400GB and I will reduce it to somewhat below the target size of the partition, lets say – to 356000M

Reduce ASM diskgroup size

alter diskgroup SSDDATA resize all size 365000M;

This command will reduce the expected disks to below the target partition size. This will allow us to reduce its size

Drop a disk from the ASM diskgroup

alter diskgroup SSDDATA drop disk 'SSDDATA01';

We will need to know which physical disk this is. You can look at the device major/minor in /dev/oracleasm/disks and compare it with /dev/sd* or with /dev/mapper/*

It is imperative that the correct disk is marked (or else…) and that the disk will become currently unused.

Reduce partition size

As the root user, you should run something like this (assuming a single partition on the disk):

parted -a optimal /dev/sdX
(parted) rm 1
(parted) mkpart primary 1 375GB
(parted) mkpart primary 375GB -1
(parted) quit

This will remove the first (and only) partition – but not its data – and recreate it with the same beginning but smaller in size. The remaining space will be used for an additional partition.

We will need to refresh the disk layout on all cluster nodes. Run on all nodes:

partprobe /dev/sdX

Remove and recreate ASM disk label

As root, run the following command on a single node:

oracleasm deletedisk SSDDATA01
oracleasm createdisk SSDDATA01 /dev/sdX1

You might want to run on all other nodes the following command, as root:

oracleasm scandisks

Add a disk to ASM diskgroup

Because the disk is of different size, adding it without specific size argument would not be possible. This is the correct command to perform this task:

alter diskgroup SSDDATA add disk 'ORCL:SSDDATA01' size 356000M;

To save time, however, we can add this disk and drop another at the same time:

alter diskgroup SSDDATA add disk 'ORCL:SSDDATA01' size 356000M drop disk 'SSDDATA02';

In general – if you have enough space on your ASM diskgroup – it is recommended to add/drop multiple disks in a single command. It will allow for a faster operation, with less repeating data migration. Save time – save efforts.

The last disk will be re-added, without dropping any other disk, of course.

I hope it helps 🙂

Preperation of recovery server for RPM based systems

Monday, July 23rd, 2007

On most cases, when preparing a recovery server, you can just ‘tar’ the entire server’s contents and just move it, along with a short recipe on how to rebuild the original partition layout (software Raid? LVM? flat partition tables?), how to mount volumes in-place, how to extract the tar files into the right locations, and how to install your favorite boot loader, either Lilo or Grub. Also, beforehand, you deal with taking a nice snapshot (or capturing the system in a single-user phase), and life is good, yada yada yada.

Most of us, however, never prepare for a rainy day. It’s not that we don’t want to, it’s not that we don’t plan, it’s just that we never seem to get to it, and after all, the hardware is rather new, and there should be no reason for failure. I can guess some of you heard this before – maybe in their own voices.

So, backup is a tiring job, and I will not deal with the things you need to do to maintain a replica of your data, but I will deal with how to prepare, quickly and easily, a system-recovery server (or a postmortem server) with just a little thought beforehand. This might be a bit too late for you if you’re reading it now, but, well, for the next time…

This little trick worked (as part of a large-scale process) when I migrated a server from 64bit server to a 32bit server (yeah, I know – the other way around).

It assumes you use RPM as your tool to install applications, and that if you do not, you have a method of knowing which piece of software you installed from source, and which package was installed from an external source (not your day-to-day RPM repository).

On the source server, run ‘rpm -qa > /tmp/rpmlist.long‘. Keep this file. It is important. Also, try to keep your yum.repos.d directory, or at least know which rpm repositories you use (I always use rpmforge, so I see no problem with that).

Install your target server – Same version as the source, minimal package selection. Copy the file rpmlist.long to /tmp. Make sure yum is configured (I will deal here with YUM, but you can replace it with any other repository client of your choice). Run the two following lines:

cat /tmp/rpmlist.long | sed s/-[0-9].*$/”/g > /tmp/rpmlist-short

for i in `cat /tmp/rpmlist-short`; do

yum install -y $i

done

This will add the missing RPMs with their dependencies, and will bring your system to a similar status. At least, this is a good place to start recovering.

On future chapters:

– Fully migrating from 64 to 32 bit and vice versa

– Using LVM snapshots for a smart backup, and for a smart recovery